Pregnancy Guide

Pregnancy Guide If you suspect, or know, that you are pregnant, we hope you have already visited your doctor! Presuming that you have confirmed your suspicions and that this is your first child, or that you wish to take better care of yourself during pregnancy than you did during you...
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Pregnancy Guide FREE CHAPTERS BUY THE FULL EBOOK FOR 0,99 $ CLICK HERE SEE OUR OTHER EBOOKS: - With free chapters - With valuable content - With free bonus - For only 0,99 USD Go to: Introduction If you suspect, or know, that you are pregnant, we hope you have already visited your doctor! Presuming that you have confirmed your suspicions and that this is your first child, or that you wish to take better care of yourself during pregnancy than you did during your other pregnancies; you have come to the right place! Our goal is to give you all the information you will need to care for your health and the health of your unborn child during your pregnancy. To do that, we believe it is important for you to understand pregnancy, and what is happening to your body as your baby develops and nears term. Therefore, all the information we give you about taking care of yourself will be clarified with information about what is happening to your body and why it is important to follow the recommendations we give you and the recommendations and advice of your doctor. First, and foremost, it is important to consult a doctor and to get on a schedule of visits and testing to accommodate every stage of your pregnancy. If you are healthy and expect a normal pregnancy, you have some options for health care during your pregnancy: ��� Obstetrician/Gynecologist (OB/GYN) – these doctors have a specialty in pregnancy and women’s health. ��� Family General Practitioner or Internist – doctors who provide standard medical care to all men and women and in some cases will provide obstetrical care. Although, malpractice insurance for this type of medical care has sharply increased, so in many cases, general practitioners (GPs) and internists no longer delivery babies, or treat women during the pregnancy term. So, many of these doctors will no longer care for a pregnant woman, but instead will refer you to an OB/GYN. ��� Nurse/Midwives – these health care professionals specialize in women's health and follow a pregnant mother through prenatal care, and labor and delivery. Nurse/Midwives need a doctor ‘on call’ for the delivery in case there is a problem during delivery. They also provide post partum care for normal pregnancies, referring women to an OB/GYN for complications or specific health related issues. Be sure your midwife is certified, and fully trained! When you visit your doctor for the first time, he/she will perform blood tests and a pelvic exam to confirm your pregnancy, and estimate a due date. We’ll talk a little about due dates later when we discuss the first trimester. The blood test detects HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). HCG is a hormone produced by a woman’s body after an egg has been fertilized and a woman’s pregnancy commences. HCG can be detected in blood or urine even before a missed period, as early as six to eight days after conception. HCG levels will significantly increase during the first trimester and then decrease a bit throughout the remainder of the pregnancy. Abnormal HCG levels can indicate a possible miscarriage or a tubal pregnancy, or it may mean the mother can expect a multiple birth (twins, triplets, etc). Your doctor will talk to you about any abnormality in your HCG levels and monitor these levels throughout your pregnancy. Assuming your HCG levels are consistent with a normal pregnancy, this test will not be performed again. Doctor visits and examinations should also into consideration your family history, and any pre-existing health problems you may have. You should also tell your doctor about any special circumstances you may need to accommodate because of your job or your family situation. During your pregnancy, your doctor may or will perform certain tests, depending on your individual situation. We have included a list of these tests here. You will find a routine doctor’s visit schedule included in the list below. Remember that your individual situation may vary, but this list will give you an idea of when and how often you will need to see your doctor and what tests may be performed while you are there. First exam and HCG test - 6 to 8 weeks into your term Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) - 10 to 12 weeks into your term Second doctor’s visit - 10 to 12 weeks into your term Amniocentesis - 15 to 18 weeks into your term Third doctor’s visit - 14 to 16 weeks into your term Multiple marker screening - 15 to 20 weeks into your term Fourth doctor’s visit - 18 to 20 weeks in your term Ultrasound - 16 to 20 weeks into your term Fifth doctor’s visit - 22 to 24 weeks into your term Glucose screening test (GCT) - 24 to 28 weeks into your term Sixth doctor’s visit - 26 to 28 weeks into your term Doctor’s visit - Every two weeks from 28th to 36th week Group B strep screening - 35 to 37 weeks into your term Doctor’s visit - Once a week 37th week through delivery When you go to the doctor, she will check your weight, your blood pressure and your abdomen, check your baby’s heart beat, and usually do a pelvic exam. Some women are uncomfortable with these types of intimate exams and they do take some getting used to, if you are not accustomed to annual OB/GYN exams and pap smears. But, these exams ARE very important to your health and to the health of your baby. So, stick with it. Don’t miss appointments, and don’t assume everything is OK because you don’t feel you have any symptoms or problems. Let your health care professional do her/his job! Remember that once you know you are pregnant, it is very important to take care of yourself. You will get lots of advice from everyone – even strangers – about what you should do and what you should NOT do. It is important to be educated and informed, especially if this is your first baby, so that you feel confident that you know what you are doing. Otherwise, you are likely to be blown in the wind as people give conflicting advice, and you will feel scattered and uncertain. Before we dive into the details of this book, we thought you might like to make note of this website link. As you talk to your healthcare professional, you are likely to hear some words you have not heard before. Of course, you should always ask your doctor to explain what you don’t understand. Symptoms and Considerations During Pregnancy In this section of the book, we will talk about general concerns and describe some of the issues, symptoms and feelings you may have during pregnancy. These are general descriptions, meant to give you an idea of what is normal and when you should be concerned. As always, if you have a question or become concerned, you should contact your doctor. In the sections that follow you will find guidelines for nutrition and exercise, and a lot of helpful information on the changes that occur during each trimester. And you’ll find out how to take care of your body and adjust your schedule and your life style during each stage of your pregnancy. After you find out you are pregnant, after the excitement and buzz has worn off, you should expect the physical reality to set in. During pregnancy you may experience fatigue, tenderness in your breasts, morning sickness, etc. Not every woman has every symptom. Some women SAIL through pregnancy and others seem to endure lots of little problems that don’t amount of anything serious, but are enough to disrupt life in general. Here are some of the things you may encounter during pregnancy: Fatigue – You may feel ‘bone tired’ or become easily fatigued during pregnancy, especially in your first trimester. Remember that your body is working harder producing certain hormones and supplying blood and nutrients to your baby in the womb. One of the hormones, progesterone, is a central nervous system depressant, so this hormone can make you feel drowsy or sleepy. Try to pamper yourself during this time. Many women find that after their first trimester, they have renewed energy and stamina. In the meantime, take naps or just rest if you can. Bleeding – It is not unusual to have a small amount of spotting or bleeding early in pregnancy – around 10 to 14 days after conception. This bleeding is a bit earlier, spottier and ‘pinker’ in color than a usual menstrual cycle and it doesn't last very long. Talk to your doctor and let him know about this, but don’t be concerned unless the bleeding is heavy and lasts a long time. You may also get a bit of cramping early in pregnancy. Changes in Appetite or Food Preferences - The smell of some foods may cause nausea during early pregnancy. Or you may find you have a craving for certain foods during late pregnancy. The famous ‘ice cream and pickles’ legend is not so far from the truth for some women! Many women find that they can no longer abide coffee during early pregnancy, and that this aversion subsides as their pregnancy progresses. Among the foods that may wreak havoc on your stomach: Meat, cheese or milk, and spicy foods. Don’t be surprised if these preferences and aversions change as your pregnancy progresses. Morning Sickness, Nausea and Vomiting - Typically confined to early pregnancy, though some women experience this symptom for up to six months. Most women encounter morning sickness for about a month during their first trimester, and symptoms can start as early as 14 days after conception. Morning sickness is not always confined to the morning, and it results from the changing levels of estrogen in the body. Some women experience morning sickness with no trigger, while others will become nauseous from certain smells like cigarette or cigar smoke, strong perfume, coffee or the smell of certain foods cooking. Increased Urination – As your uterus enlarges, you are likely to feel the urge to go to the bathroom more often. This is normal during the first and third trimester. Breast Tenderness and Changes - Increased production of the estrogen and progesterone is required to prepare the breasts for nursing. During the early stages of pregnancy, some women complain that their breasts become so tender and sensitive that they can’t even sleep on their stomach or touch the tissue on their breasts without discomfort. This tenderness does pass. Women who are flat-chested often welcome the changes that pregnancy brings, as their breasts increase in size. Be sure to buy and wear a comfortable bra, with plenty of support, during and after pregnancy to accommodate these changes. If you are planning to nurse your baby, you will want to look for special ‘nursing bras’ to make nursing easier. Headaches - Many pregnant women complain of mild headaches that occur frequently, early in pregnancy. These headaches occur because of increased blood circulation caused by hormonal fluctuation and changes in the body. Constipation and Bloating – Constipation is common during early pregnancy because of an increase in progesterone that slows digestion. Drink plenty of water to keep your body hydrated and help ease constipation and bloating. Mood Fluctuation – Again, it is all due to the hormonal changes in your body. You may be an even-tempered person and suddenly find yourself crying or losing your temper for no reason. Understand that these mood swings are common during the first trimester and will usually improve. Dizziness - Early in your pregnancy you may feel dizzy or faint because of low blood sugar and changes in circulation and hormone levels. Be sure to drink plenty of water and keep crackers and other healthy snacks on hand to address low blood sugar and don’t be surprised if you need to rest and pamper yourself a bit more, especially during early pregnancy. Weight Gain and Changes in Center of Gravity – Your balance and center of gravity are going to change as your body changes. Don’t try to walk a tightrope or a ladder in your new, ‘enhanced’ condition! Wear sensible shoes without high heels so you can balance and walk more easily without falling or stumbling. Most mothers gain 25 to 35 pounds, some as much as 50-60 pounds during pregnancy. And that additional can make you uncomfortable, causing back strain and soreness. 50% of all pregnant women develop low-back pain at some time during their pregnancy. Be sure to use your legs when you are lifting and use common sense when lifting or climbing during pregnancy. Increased and displaced weight puts more stress on joints and as the baby grows, your lower back must compensate for this weight. We’ll talk about exercise in a little while, but for now, understand that it is important to keep your muscles strong and limber during this time, in order to avoid back strain and fatigue. (...) 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